Security Incidents in the Third Quarter of 2018

Summary Faced by an increasingly lethal air campaign by Somalia’s allies, Al-Shabab (AS) was forced to change its tactics. In the third quarter of 2018, the aggregate tempo of AS attacks slightly slowed down compared to the second quarter of the year. It was...

The Islamic State in East Africa

Summary The slogan of the Islamic State is remaining and expanding (baqiya watatamadad), and at the end of July 2018, the Islamic State in East Africa could claim to be doing both; not in any dramatic way, but sufficiently to be taken seriously by other violent...

The AS Finance System

Summary This paper discusses Al-Shabab’s (AS) financial system and estimates the amount collected by the group, based on figures provided to Hiraal by former AS finance and Zakawaat officials. With the rise of Islamic State in Somalia, AS is not the only...

Incident Reports up to May 2018

From 1 January 2018 to 12 May 2018, we have identified more than 200 security incidents. An overwhelming number of incidents were initiated by Al-Shabab, followed by the Federal Government of Somalia and its allies. A handful of incidents were generated by ISIS....