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Semi-annual Somalia Security Report

Summary The year 2020 had started with al-Shabab increasingly on the defensive but still very active offensively, as it had been subjected to a concerted effort by the allies conducting raids into the group's strongholds. By the first quarter of the year, the group...

Security in Somalia Q1 2020

The allies continue to maintain a shaky handle on AS this quarter, but the group is trying to bolster its urban terrorism campaign. Its IED campaign seems to be picking up, but its direct military attacks seemed to be stalling.  Introduction As a result of the...

The War in Somalia in 2019

Summary The year 2019 saw the effect of allied response to Al-Shabab’s focus on assassinations in 2018, when it had ratcheted up assassinations and reduced direct military raids. The allied response led to a significant reduction in assassinations, SVBIEDs, massed...

Ku-ganacsiga Goob Dagaal

Dulmar Guud Ganacsiga Soomaaliya waxaa aalaaba xukuma xaaladda amni iyo midda dowladeed. Ganacsiyada waaweyn ee dalku waxay halgankooda soo billaabeen xilliyadii ugu madoobaa ee dagaalkii sokeeye. Waxay la qabsadeen xaaladaha waxayna ka qeyb qaateen asaaska soo...

AL-Shabab’s Military Machine

Al-Shabab's conventional military wing is known as the Jabahaat ('fronts' in Arabic; singular Jabha). Its first iteration was formed in 2005 when the group sent a group of 15 men into the Somali region of Ethiopia. At its height in 2010, the Jabahaat numbered more...

The AS Finance System

Summary This paper discusses Al-Shabab's (AS) financial system and estimates the amount collected by the group, based on figures provided to Hiraal by former AS finance and Zakawaat officials. With the rise of Islamic State in Somalia, AS is not the only terrorist...

Isbedelada Ku Dhacay Al-Shabab

Bilowgi qarnigan, in ka badan toban Jihaadiyiin ah oo ka kala yimid ku dhawaad dhammaan qeybaha Soomaalia aya waxay ku yeesheen Muqdisho shirar qarsoodi ah si ay u dhisaan urur cusub oo Jihaadi ah. Iyagoo ka niyad jabsan hoggaamiyeyaasha ururka Al-Ictisaam Bil Kitab...

Evolution of Al-Shabab

At the turn of the century, more than a dozen Jihadi ideologues from almost all parts of Somalia had a series of secret meetings in Mogadishu to form a new Jihadi organisation. Frustrated by the leaders of Jihadi Salafism in Somalia, Al-I'tisam Bil Kitab Wal Sunnah...

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